'Forty Below - Traditional Life in The Arctic'

Images from the Book

Information on 'Forty Below'

An Inuit hunter travelling by snowmobile through tidal ice in Pangnirtung Fiord. Nunavut, Canada. 2008
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Thomasie Nutarariaq, an Inuk from Igloolik frosted up in the cold. Nunavut, Canada. 1990
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Thomasie Nutarariaq, an Inuk from Igloolik sitting inside an Igloo. Nunavut, Canada. 1990
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Aakuainuk, dressed in traditional caribou skin clothing, travels by dog sled on a winter hunt. Igloolik, Nunavut, Canada. 1990
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Inuk stands in floe edge boat at the ice edge, & aims his rifle, while hunting. Igloolik, Nunavut, Canada. 1990
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Nutarariaq drinks a mug of morning tea in a hunter's hut near Igloolik. Nunavut, Canada. 1990
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Aipilik, An Inuit man, dressed in caribou skin clothes. Igloolik, Nunavut. Canada. 1990
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Aipilik, an Inuit hunter, jigging for polar cod though a hole in the ice.Igloolik, Nunavut, Canada. 1990
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Inuit hunters haul a floe edge boat out of the water, after seal hunting at the ice edge in frost smoke. Igloolik, Nunavut, Canada
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Louis Tepardjuk, dressed in caribou skin clothing, while hunting at the floe edge. Igloolik, Nunavut, Canada.
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Louis Tepardjuk, drags a dead seal while out hunting at the floe edge. Igloolik, Nunavut, Canada.
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Louis Tepardjuk, paddling a floe edge boat through frost smoke while seal hunting at the ice edge near Igloolik, Nunavut, Canada
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Niaqutsiak, An Inuit hunter, steering his boat while out walrus hunting in Summer. Igloolik, Nunavut,Canada.
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Laimiki Qamaniq, an Inuit hunter from Igloolik, Nunavut, Canada.
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Tatigat, an Inuit hunter, his breath frozen into his beard. Igloolik, Nunavut, Canada
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Inuit hunter, Tatigat, in caribou skin clothing, works to get his dog sled over an ice ridge. Igloolik, Canada.
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Tatigat,an inuk, pulls aside the snow brick over the igloo door at dusk. Igloolik. Nunavut. Canada
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Aipilik, Inuit hunter in fox furs, with Kakivak & fish (arctic char & lake trout) Igloolik, Nunavut, Canada.
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Aipilik, an Inuk hunter in fox furs with Kakivak (Inuit fish spear) & fish. Igloolik, Nunavut, Canada
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Traditional turf house with ice porch still used as hunters shelter. Igloolik, Nunavut, Canada.
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Sami woman reindeer herder, Berit Logje with cast antler at round-up near Kautokeino. Northern Norway.
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Saami reindeer herder, Johan Logje, rests with his feet up on his snowmobile handlebars. Kautokeino. North Norway.
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Inuit hunter & dog team silhouetted against sea smoke mist which forms at -40C. N.W.Greenland
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Inuit hunter,Avataq Henson, uses a kayak at the ice edge in winter. NW Greenland.
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Moonlit Iceberg taken at midday during the polar night. Ice polished by the wind. N.W. Greenland.
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Exuberant Inuk does a handstand on sea ice, after a successful hunt. Northwest Greenland.
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Inuit hunters in furs, climb an iceberg to scan sea-ice for game, whilst on a hunting trip. N.W. Greenland
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Inuit hunters & dog sleds travelling at sunset during a long polar bear hunt. Cape York. N.W. Greenland.
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Fur clad Inuk, Qaavigannguaq, waits with his harpoon at a seal's breathing hole. NW Greenland
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Inuit hunter, Ituko, catching Little Auks with a long handled net (ipu), near Cape Atholl. N.W. Greenland
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Inuit hunter Qaavigannguaq, skins a seal. He wears polar bear pants and sealskin kamik. NW Greenland.
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Inuit hunter Jakob jumps a lead in summer sea ice. His huskies will follow. Qeqertat, NW Greenland.
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Inuit hunters use kayaks for hunting Narwhal, in summer. Northwest Greenland.
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Crystal heart of an iceberg. Ice detail. Greenland.
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Inuit hunter, Qulutanguak in his kayak in the ice strewn waters of Inglefield Bredning, N.W. Greenland.
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Finger rafting in new sea ice, nilas, as sheets run into each other . Northwest Greenland.
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Aerial view of Meteorite Island and the Inuit village of Savissivik. N.W.Greenland
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Mikile, An Inuit hunter, flensing a dead narwhal hunted near Qeqertat. N.W. Greenland
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An Inuit hunter uses a whip to control his dogs during a sledge trip. N.W. Greenland.
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An Inuit hunter, Ituko, lights two Primus stoves to warm his tent. N.W. Greenland.
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An Inuit hunter scans the ice of Melville Bay for polar bears. N.W.Greenland.
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During a hunt, a polar bear in a lead snarls at its attackers. N.W. Greenland.
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An Inuit hunter, Ituko, harpoons a polar bear in a lead. Melville Bay. N.W. Greenland
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Inuit hunters haul polar bear out of a lead at the end of a hunt. Northwest Greenland.
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In Inuit hunter, Ituko, skinning a polar bear he has just killed. N.W. Greenland.
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An Inuit hunter, Ituko, feeds raw seal meat to his dogs. N.W. Greenland.
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Ituko, an Inuit hunter travelling by dog sled during the polar night. N.W. Greenland
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Kigutikak Duneq drinks from a meltpool at the ice edge. In summer the salt drops through. N.W. Greenland
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Dramatic Asperatus cloud formation as a storm brews at dawn over Inglefield Bay. Northwest Greenland.
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Inuit hunter Peter Peary puts line on walrus he has killed, hunting on thin sea ice.Siorapaluk. NW Greenland
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Dogs are used to haul a 1000lb walrus onto the sea ice. North Greenland.
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Inuit hunter butchers a walrus he has harpooned. Siorapaluk,NW.Greenland.
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Inuit hunters, Peter & Pudtlak eat clams from the stomach of a walrus. Siorapaluk. N.W. Greenland.
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Inuit hunters work together as a team to haul a dead walrus onto the sea ice. Northwest Greenland
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Inuit hunter, Peter Peary, on very thin seaice harpoons a walrus. Siorapaluk, N.W.Greenland.
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Inuit hunter, Peter Peary, on very thin seaice harpoons a walrus. Siorapaluk, N.W.Greenland.
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Inuit hunter, Peter Peary, on new sea ice holds a line to a walrus he harpooned. Siorapaluk, N.W. Greenland.
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Inuit hunters wait on thin new sea ice for a walrus to surface near them. Siorapaluk. N.W.Greenland.
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Inuit hunter, Peter Peary hauls walrus he has killed onto sea ice to butcher it. Siorapaluk, N.W. Greenland
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Inuit hunter jumps across  pancake ice to get ashore. Savissivik, N.W. Greenland
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Concealed behind a white linen screen Inuit hunter, Jeremias Petersen, shoots a seal.Savissivik,NW.Greenland
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Snowdrifts against houses in the Inuit community of Savissivik. N.W. Greenland
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A snowy slope illuminated by a shaft of light in the Ush Urekchen mountains. Chukotka. Siberia. Russia.
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Oleg Ukutagin drags a Baidarka (Umiaq) while hunting at the floe edge. Chukotka, Siberia, Russia.
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Chukchi hunter, Geora Eymetitin, driving his dog sled. Chukotkiy Peninsula, Chukotka, Siberia, Russia.
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The native community of Uelen is pounded by heavy seas during an autumn storm.Less sea ice in recent years has resulted in more storm damage to the buildings. Chukotka, Siberia, Russia.
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Chukchi hunters travelling from Uelen to Dezhnovka by dog sled on a windy November day. Uelen, Chukotka, Siberia.
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Hunters' huts and boats at Dezhnovka in the autumn. Uelen, Chukotka, Siberia, Russia
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Vitya Nutetgevev, a young Chukchi reindeer herder stands in the doorway of a Yaranga (traditional tent). Chukotskiy Peninsula, Chukotka, Siberia, Russia
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Natasha Nomro, a Chukchi woman, removing frost from the inside of her Yaranga (traditional tent). Chukotskiy Peninsula, Chukotka, Siberia, Russia.
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Grisha Rahtyn, a Chukchi reindeer herder, iced up at -30 C after working with his reindeer during the winter.Chukotskiy Peninsula, Chukotka, Siberia, Russia
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Grisha Rahtyn, a Chukchi reindeer herder, leading two of his draught animals. Chukotskiy Peninsula, Chukotka, Siberia, Russia
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Idols & other traditional sacred objects used by Chukchi reindeer herders in rituals to protect their family & reindeer. Chukotskiy Peninsula, Chukotka, Siberia, Russia
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Grisha Rahtyn, a Chukchi reindeer herder, erecting the frame of a Yaranga (traditional tent). Chukotskiy Peninsula, Chukotka, Siberia, Russia
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Grisha Rahtyn, a Chukchi reindeer herder, erecting the frame of a Yaranga (traditional tent). Chukotskiy Peninsula, Chukotka, Siberia, Russia
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Chukchi reindeer herders prepare to put the cover on a Yaranga (traditional tent). Chukotskiy Peninsula, Chukotka, Siberia, Russia
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Chukchi reindeer herders prepare to put the cover on a Yaranga (traditional tent). Chukotskiy Peninsula, Chukotka, Siberia, Russia
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Chukchi reindeer herders putting the cover on a Yaranga (traditional tent). Chukotskiy Peninsula, Chukotka, Siberia, Russia
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Chukchi reindeer herders putting the cover on a Yaranga (traditional tent). Chukotskiy Peninsula, Chukotka, Siberia, Russia
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Chukchi reindeer herders putting the cover on a Yaranga (traditional tent). Chukotskiy Peninsula, Chukotka, Siberia, Russia
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Chukchi reindeer herders putting the cover on a Yaranga (traditional tent). Chukotskiy Peninsula, Chukotka, Siberia, Russia
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Grisha Rahtyn, a Chukchi reindeer herder, using a bow drill to make fire during a traditional ritual. Chukotskiy Peninsula, Chukotka, Siberia, Russia
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Grisha Rahtyn, a Chukchi reindeer herder, stands by a fire he has made with a bow drill for a traditional ritual. Chukotskiy Peninsula, Chukotka, Siberia, Russia
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A Chukchi man driving a herd of reindeer along a ridge near their winter pastures on the Chukotskiy Peninsula. Chukotka, Siberia, Russia
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Vitya Nutetgevev, a young Chukchi reindeer herder, eating a morning meal of raw frozen reindeer meat inside the Polog of a Yaranga. Chukotskiy Peninsula, Chukotka, Siberia, Russia
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At mealtime in their Yaranga, Chukchi reindeer herders, Grisha Rahtyn & Natasha Nomro, share a bowl of hot reindeer stew. Chukotskiy Peninsula, Chukotka, Siberia, Russia.
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Maria Zakharova, an 82 year old Sami woman, in her apartment in Lovozero. Murmansk, Kola Peninsula, NW Russia
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Vitally Elrika, an elderly Even reindeer herder from Northern Evensk. Magadan Region, Eastern Siberia, Russia.
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Dolgan reindeer herders travelling across tundra during the winter. Taymyr, Northern Siberia, Russia.
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Dolgan reindeer herders move their camp of baloks (huts on sled runners) across a frozen lake during the winter. Taymyr. Northern Siberia, Russia.
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Innokentiy Zharkov, a Dolgan reindeer herder, covered in frost while working with his reindeer during the winter. Taymyr, N.Siberia, Russia.
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Nadiya Asyandu, a Nganasan woman, wramly dressed while travelling on the frozen Kheta River in the winter. Taymyr, Northern Siberia, Russia
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E'ven herders with their reindeer at their winter pastures near Verkhoyansk. Yakutia, Siberia, Russia.
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E'ven herders riding on reindeer at their winter pastures near Verkhoyansk. Yakutia, Siberia, Russia.
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Reindeer at their winter pastures in the Verkhoyansk Mountain Range. Yakutia, Siberia, Russia.
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Dusk on a winter's day in the forest on Shaman Mountain near Verkhoyansk. Yakutia, Siberia, Russia.
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A Yakut horse herder riding in the winter time near Verkhoyansk. Yakutia, Siberia, Russia.
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When thrown into cold air at minus 53 degrees Celsius boiling water explodes into vapour & ice. This is because boiling water is close to a gas and breaks into tiny droplets that can freeze at once. Siberia, Russia
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Pavel Sleptsov, a 35 year old hunter, on his horse at Korban in the winter time. Yakutia, Siberia, Russia.
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Sacred site near Verkhoyansk. Yakutia, Siberia, Russia.
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A reindeer herd travelling on the frozen Layvaya Hetta River in Khanty Mansiysk, W. Siberia, Russia
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A herd of 1000 reindeer being driven across the tundra in Khanty Mansiysk, Western Siberia, Russia.
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Tyhyko Yar, a Nenets man makes an offering at the sacred site of Huunghor-Sala. Gydan Peninsula, W.Siberia, Russia
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A Tundra Nenets sacred sled which is used to carry their idols. Gydan Peninsula, Western Siberia, Russia.
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Nenets men check their fish net set under the ice on a lake in the Gydan Peninsula. W.Siberia, Russia.
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Alla, A Nenets girl, poses with her pet cygnet at a summer camp near Nadym, Yamal, W.Siberia, Russia
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Nyaluku, a Nenets woman cooking fish inside her tent at a summer fishing camp. Yamal, W.Siberia, Russia.
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Nenets men hauling a fish net with a catch of Muksun near the mouth of the River Ob, Yamal, W.Siberia, Russia
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Nenets woman and boy stand by a snow covered reindeer skin tent. Yamal. Siberia
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Sun rises behind reindeer skin tents at a winter camp of a group of Nenets herders. Yamal. Siberia.
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Nenets woman leads a train of reindeer sleds down the icy banks of the River Ob. Yamal, Siberia, Russia
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Alexei, a Nenets boy coils his lasso as he stands by a reindeer corral. Yamal. Siberia, Russia.
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Young Nenets woman harnesses draught reindeer in a corral at their summer pastures. Yamal. Siberia. Russia.
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Nenets draught reindeer graze on sedges during a rest stop at the start of their autumn migration. Bovanenkovo. Yamal Peninsula. Siberia. Russia
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Inside a reindeer skin tent a Nenets mother comforts her baby. Yamal, Siberia, Russia
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A Nenets girl drives a train of reindeer sleds through a forest on the Spring migration. Yamal, Siberia.
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Langay, an elderly Nenets man, out hunting wild reindeer in the Autumn. Yamal, Western Siberia, Russia.
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During a ritual, A Nenets elder, unpacks the idols from his sacred sled to feed them. Yamal, Siberia, Russia
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Nadia, a Nenets woman, picking mountain cranberries in the autumn. Yamal, Western Siberia, Russia.
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Northern lights, Aurora borealis, over a Nenets reindeer herders camp. Yamal Peninsula, W.Siberia, Russia
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Aerial view of taiga (boreal forest) with a newly frozen river in the autumn. Yamal, western Siberia, Russia.
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A Nenets woman and her daughter dressed up for a Spring reindeer herders' festival. Yamal, NW Siberia, Russia
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Dark clouds gather behind a reindeer herder's tent as a Khanty woman hangs up her washing to dry at a camp in the Polar Ural Mountains. Yamal, Western Siberia, Russia.
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Nenets reindeer herders at their camp on the tundra during a winter storm. Yamal Peninsula, Western Siberia, Russia
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Khanty women in traditional dress at a Spring festival in the village of Pitlyar. Yamal, Western Siberia, Russia
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Aerial view of tundra, lakes & boreal forest in the Purovsky Region of the Yamal. Western Siberia, Russia
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Irina Purgurchina (left) & her friend Vera, Khanty women, tie material round a sacred tree that protects her youngest son. The material sybolises her son's clothing. Yamal, Western Siberia, Russia.
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During a Spring storm, blowing snow swirls around a Nenets reindeer herders' camp on the tundra near Tambey. Yamal Peninsula, Western Siberia, Russia
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Leonid Tusido, a Nenets reindeer herder, sits on his sled at his winter pastures near Tambey. Yamal Peninsula, Western Siberia, Russia.
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Nenya Vanuito, a young Nenets girl, wearing a traditional hat with fur trim at a winter camp near Tambey. Yamal Peninsula, Western Siberia, Russia.
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